- Oral and anal sex, kissing, close intimate contact
- Primary: Chancre. A painless red papule or shallow ulcer on penis, around anus, and/or in mouth.
- Secondary: Systemic symptoms. May include a generalized or localized rash, headache, myalgias, etc.
- Early latent: asymptomatic and infected within the last 12 months
- Late latent: asymptomatic and infected more than 12 months ago
- Organ involvement: Uveitis and/or retinitis; hepatitis; meningitis; nephritis, etc
- Blood test. Request “syphilis serology” on an Ontario Public Health Laboratory requisition.
- Negative: A nonreactive syphilis screening test.
- Positive: This will include (1) a reactive syphilis screening test, (2) a reactive confirmatory Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TP-PA) if not done previously, and (3) an RPR titer.
- Primary, secondary and early latent:
- Benzathine Penicillin (Bicillin) 2.4 million units IM as a single dose.
- Alternate: Doxycycline 100 mg BID for 14 days
- Late latent:
- Benzathine penicillin (Bicillin) 2.4 million units IM weekly for 3 weeks.
- Alternate: Doxycycline 100 mg BID for 28 days
- Neurosyphilis, ocular syphilis and/or other organ involvement should be managed by, or in consultation with, an infectious diseases specialist.